Not everything is on the Web. Sometimes we need access to for-fee databases, and often we can obtain this through our public library system. Dan Russell provides guidance on this in Going beyond the paywalls with paid databases in his April 16 Search Research challenge.
Dan Russell gives many pointers on search approach and scholarly, online journal tools to use when seeking to verify a reference or do a fact check.
Answer (part 2): Can you find the reference for…, Search Research (Apr 14)
HathiTrust over 11 million texts in its digital repository – but they aren’t all fully viewable.
That library now numbers over 13 million titles, most of which are in copyright and therefore not freely available for online reading. Instead, these can be used for research: if you need to figure out what terms appear in which books (and how often), you can use HathiTrust to do so; having identified the books that are of interest to you, you can then pursue full access to them by some other means. Other kinds of research are possible as well, within constraints designed to maximize access without crossing legal lines.
Proquest will work with Google Scholar to enable indexing of its full text.
ProQuest and Google collaborate with full text indexing, Proquest (March 24)
“ProQuest will enable the full text of its scholarly journal content to be indexed in Google Scholar, improving research outcomes. Work is underway and the company anticipates that by the third-quarter of 2015, users starting their research in Google Scholar will be able to access scholarly content via ProQuest.”
Many scholarly materials and research reports are not easily found by the big Web search engines. Google, even with Google Scholar, may not uncover the research and discussion that is available through a digital repository. There are thousands of these repositories created by universities, research centres, and other organizations to advance the work of their faculty, students, or members, and to offer the research to the public. Our challenge is to locate these.
HathiTrust is one (http://www.hathitrust.org). It partners with research institutions and librariesin the United States and internationally to provide smooth access to digital collections of books, serials and publications. Its metadata enables search by subject, author, language, date range, country, and format.
Many digital repositories are associated with the open access (OA) movement for providing scholarly resources that are digital, free of charge, and free of most restrictions in use. There are two major directories to open access repositories for academic research.
Directory of Open Access Repositories in the UK – OpenDOAR – http://opendoar.org. It has over 2,600 listings, searchable by country, subject, repository type, language and a couple of other parameters, as well as a keyword search on content.
The Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR – http://roar.eprints.org) reports on growth and status of repositories. It can be used to locate repositories in a country or subject which you would then search directly.
Repositories can also be found through directories to users of a particular platform. Two of the prominent platforms are:
- Dspace User Registry – http://registry.duraspace.org/registry/dspace
- Fedora User Registry – http://registry.duraspace.org/registry/fedora
The University of Toronto created TSpace to “preserve and disseminate” the “scholary record” of the university – and makes this freely available to all users. Repositories might also be a digital collection on a particular topic such as the ones listed on this University of Toronto page for “local digital special collections”.
This is just a small sampling. Whenever academic research may be applicable to your search quest, consider the repositories. Find more just by using repository as a search term together with your topic.
Internet Scout Project featured JournalTOCS in its latest newsletter. JournalTOCS provides tables of contents on new issues of academic journals. Service is provided by Heriot-Watt University in Scotland. Open an account and follow your favourite journals.
“JournalTOCs is the biggest searchable collection of scholarly journal Tables of Contents (TOCs). It contains articles’ metadata of TOCs for over 25,026 journals directly collected from over 2411 publishers.“
Peer review of journals happens through social media as well as formal processes, as we see in this article about using Twitter.
Peer review: Trial by Twitter by Apoorva Mandavilli, Nature (Jan 19 2011)
Article points to ways to picking up online discussion. Doesn’t mention how scholars could use Twitter.
One solution may lie in new ways of capturing, organizing and measuring all these scattered inputs, so that they end up making a coherent contribution to science instead of just fading back into the blogosphere. Perhaps the most successful and interesting experiments of this type can be found at websites such as Faculty of 1000 (F1000) and thirdreviewer.com, and in online reference libraries such as Mendeley, CiteULike and Zotero, which allow users to bookmark and share links to online papers or other interesting sites.
For more on using Twitter try this search at Google — twitter for scholars -site:twitter.com
University of Toronto Libraries has been archiving web content in four areas through its relations with the Internet Archive and its service for capturing pages, Archive-It.
These are available at Archiving-It.
- Canadian Government Information
- Canadian Labour Unions
- Canadian Political Parties and Political Interest Groups
- University of Toronto Web Archives
The collections are searchable and one can refine by format.
To see the list of sites included, enter the collection and click on the collection name. There are excellent filters for narrowing the search: subject, creator, year, language.
Paperity is a new aggregator of Open Access (OA) Journals that aims at becoming a comprehensive index for OA in all research fields.
Paperity Hopes to Create a Comprehensive Index of Open Literature , By Nancy K Herther, Newsbreaks (Nov 25)
The database currently includes more than 350,000 open access (OA) articles from 2,200-plus scholarly journals that are categorized as either gold (journals that are completely OA cover to cover) or hybrid (subscription journals with some OA articles).
This is early – it would help to have the journals browsable by discipline and searchable by name.
Anyone doing intensive research online can be more productive with these tools for managing references.
Make Research Easier With These Five Tools by Brandi Scardilli, Information Today (Oct 7)
Several popular tools provide platforms that store articles, features that generate bibliographies, and functionality that encourages collaboration on projects.
Review the features and functionality of Endnote, ProQuest Flow, and Mendeley.